Influence of Surface Treatment and Resin Cements on the Bond Strength between the Y-TZP Zirconia and Composite Resin Interface

Lucas Campagnaro Maciel, Amanda Pádua Proeza, Hélyda Coelho Guimarães Balbino, Marcela Moráo Corteletti, Ricardo Huver de Jesus, Laís Regiane da Silva Concílio

Resumo


Abstract

The evolution of dental materials and the improvement of ceramic systems stimulated the increased use of Y-TZP zirconia-based ceramics. Despite the excellent mechanical performance, this material has low adhesion potential. The objective of this work was to evaluate the surface treatments and resin cements influence on bond strength between Y-TZP zirconia and composite resin interface. A total of 60 blocks of Y-TZP zirconia (3x8x8mm) were prepared and divided into 3 groups according to the surface treatments: (C) control - extra fine diamond bur, (J) sandblasting with Al2O3 and (JP) sandblasting with Al2O3 + ceramic primer. Each group was subdivided into two groups according to type of resin cement used for cementing composite resin discs (2mm thick x 5mm diameter): self-adhesive and conventional (n=10). The samples were stored in distilled water for 24 hours at 37±1°C in a incubator and subsequently submitted to the shear bond test to determine the bond strength (RU). There was no significant difference in RU among the  surface treatments when using conventional resin cement. For the self-adhesive resin cement, Al2O3 blasting and Al2O3 + primer blasting increased the RU but did not present significant differences between them (p<0.05). Comparing the cements, it was observed that regardless of the surface treatment, the highest values were for the self-adhesive resin cement (p<0.05). Application of the primer after blasting with Al2O3 did not increase RU.

 

Keywords: Dental Prosthesis. Ceramics. Dental cements. Shear Strength.

 

Resumo

A evolução dos materiais odontológicos e o aprimoramento dos sistemas cerâmicos impulsionaram o aumento da utilização da cerâmica a base de zircônia Y-TZP. Apesar do excelente desempenho mecânico, este material apresenta baixo potencial de adesão. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência dos tratamentos de superfícies e dos cimentos resinosos na resistência de união entre a interface zircônia Y-TZP e resina composta. Foram confeccionados 60 blocos de zircônia Y-TZP (3x8x8 mm) e divididos em 03 grupos de acordo com os tratamentos de superfícies que receberam: (C) controle - ponta diamantada extrafina, (J) jateamento com Al2O3 e (JP) jateamento com Al2O3 + primer cerâmico. Cada grupo foi subdividido em dois novos grupos de acordo com tipo de cimento resinoso utilizado para cimentação de discos de resina composta (2mm de espessura x 5mm de diâmetro): autoadesivo e resinoso convencional (n=10). As amostras foram armazenadas em água destilada por 24 horas a 37±1°C em estufa e posteriormente submetidas ao teste de cisalhamento para averiguar a resistência de união (RU). Não houve diferença significativa na RU entre os tratamentos de superfície quando utilizado o cimento resinoso convencional. Para o cimento resinoso autoadesivo o jateamento com Al2O3 e o jateamento de Al2O3 + primer aumentaram a RU porém não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre si (p<0,05). Comparando os cimentos observou-se que, independente do tratamento de superfície, os maiores valores foram para o cimento resinoso autoadesivo (p<0,05). A aplicação do primer após o jateamento com Al2O3 não proporcionou aumento da RU.

 

Palavras-chave: Prótese Dentária. Cerâmica. Cimentos Dentários. Resistência ao Cisalhamento.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17921/2447-8938.2019v21n5p%25p

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Direitos autorais 2019 Journal of Health Sciences