Comparative Analysis of the Effect of the Different Adaptations of the Squat Exercise on the Knee Frontal Plane Projection Angle

  • Thiago Domingues Stocco Santo Amaro University, Physical Therapy Course. SP, Brazil
  • Yasmim Hikari Nakagima Santo Amaro University, Physical Therapy Course. SP, Brazil.
  • Lorrane Nascimento dos Santos State University of Campinas, Stricto Sensu Program in Medical Clinic. SP, Brazil.

Resumo

Closed kinetic chain exercises have been employed in rehabilitation and muscle strengthening programs, such as squatting. During the movement of the squat dynamic valgus, a change that affects all kinematics of the lower limb, tends to become exacerbated, necessitating adaptations in order to minimize the biomechanical disorder. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of squatting exercises, there is a lack of evidence to demonstrate, comparatively, the effectiveness of different adaptations in the decrease of dynamic valgus. The objective of the study was to evaluate to identify the efficacy of different adaptations in squatting exercise in the reduction of dynamic valgus. Therefore, study volunteers (n = 30) performed three types of squats: free squatting, squatting with elastic band and squatting with verbal command. The dynamic valgus wasmeasured by the knee frontal plane projection angle during the squatting movements, through captured images and analyzed by the software Tracker and ImageJ. Despite more cases in women, in both sexes, free squatting presented greater cases of medicalization of the knee than in comparison to the other two adaptations. Although both squat adaptations presented positive results, only squatting with verbal command showed a significant reduction of the dynamic valgus pointing out that this is the best adaptation treated.

 

Keywords: Genu Valgum. Exercise Therapy. Motor Activity.

 

Resumo

Exercícios de cadeia cinética fechada vêm sendo empregados em programas de reabilitação e fortalecimento muscular, como é o caso do agachamento. Durante o movimento de agachamento o valgo dinâmico, alteração que afeta toda cinemática do membro inferior, tende a se tornar exacerbado, sendo necessárias adaptações com o intuito de minimizar o distúrbio biomecânico. Embora estudos tenham mostrado a eficácia dos exercícios de agachamento, faltam evidências que demonstrem, comparativamente, a efetividade de diferentes adaptações na minimização do valgo dinâmico. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar a eficácia de diferentes adaptações na execução do exercício de agachamento na redução do valgo dinâmico. Para tanto, os voluntários do estudo (n=30) três tipos de agachamentos: agachamento livre, agachamento com banda elástica e agachamento com comando verbal. O valgo dinâmico foi mensurado mediante o ângulo de projeção no plano frontal do joelho durante os movimentos de agachamento, através de imagens capturadas e posteriormente analisadas pelos softwares Tracker e ImageJ. Apesar de mais casos em mulheres, em ambos os sexos, o agachamento livre apresentou maiores casos de medicalização do joelho do que nas outras duas adaptações. Embora ambas adaptações de agachamento apresentaram resultados positivos, apenas o agachamento com comando verbal apresentou redução significativa do valgo dinâmico, apontando ser esta a melhor adaptação tratada.

Palavras-chaves: Geno Valgo. Terapia por Exercício. Atividade Motora.

Biografia do Autor

Thiago Domingues Stocco, Santo Amaro University, Physical Therapy Course. SP, Brazil

Possuo graduação em Fisioterapia pela Universidade de Ribeirão Preto, Mestrado em Engenharia Biomédica pelo IP&D - Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da Universidade do Vale do Paraíba, além de especializações em Fisiologia do Exercício e Reabilitação aplicada ao esporte, ambas pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Docente, Supervisor de estágio, membro da Comissão de Ética no Uso de Animais (CEUA) e do Núcleo Docente Estruturante (NDE) da Universidade Santo Amaro - UNISA. Atualmente cursando graduação em Física na Universidade Federal de Itajubá e Doutorado em Clínica Médica na UNICAMP desenvolvendo projetos de pesquisa relacionados à engenharia tecidual, nanobiomateriais e regeneração da cartilagem. Especial interesse nas áreas de biofísica, reabilitação, regeneração tecidual ,biomateriais e bioimpressão 3D

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Publicado
2020-06-30
Seção
Artigos