Influence of Remineralizing Agents on the Surface Roughness of Eroded Dental Enamel: in Vitro Study

  • Cesar Penazzo Lepri University of Uberaba
  • Rayssa Prado Macedo School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Vanessa Ferreira Marra School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Gabriella Rodovalho Paiva School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Denise Tornavoi de Castro School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Vinicius Rangel Geraldo Martins School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Juliana Jendiroba Faraoni Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo-SP, Brazil.
  • Maria Angélica Hueb De Menezes Oliveira School of Dentistry, University de Uberaba, Uberaba-MG, Brazil
  • Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo-SP, Brazil.
  • Janisse Martinelli de Oliveira Misiara Centro de Formação Profissional, Cefores, University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba-MG, Brazil

Resumo

The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of remineralizing agents on the surface roughness of eroded tooth enamel. Forty incisive bovines were selected and sectioned to obtain specimens of 4mm X 4mm, resulting in a surface area of 16,00mm², with a thickness of 2.50mm. The specimens were immersed in lemon juice, twice a day, over 5 days, and randomly divided into the following 4 groups: G1 = No treatment; G2 = 1.23% APF; G3 = Fluoride Varnish 5% and G4 = Regenerated. The surface roughness of the specimens was analyzed by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy. The obtained data were submitted to ANOVA after attend the homogeneity (Levene´s) and normality tests (Kolmogorov-Smirnov). All tests were statistically significant at 5% (α=0.05). The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference on the enamel roughness surface area between groups in the experimental region and the founded values were higher at the experimental when compared to the control region, however, without differences between the groups in each region. It was concluded that the remineralizing agents were not able to reduce the surface roughness of the studied groups.

 

Keywords: Tooth Erosion. Dental Enamel. Fluorine. Tooth Remineralization.

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a influência de agentes remineralizantes na rugosidade da superficial do esmalte dental erodido. Quarenta bovinos incisivos foram selecionados e seccionados para obter espécimes de 4 mm x 4 mm, resultando em uma área superficial de 16,00 mm², com espessura de 2,50 mm. As amostras foram imersas em suco de limão, duas vezes ao dia, durante 5 dias, e divididas aleatoriamente nos 4 grupos seguintes: G1 = Sem tratamento; G2 = Flúor gel 1,23%; G3 = Verniz fluoretado 5% e G4 =Regenerate. A rugosidade superficial das amostras foi analisada por microscopia confocal de varredura a laser. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à ANOVA após os testes de homogeneidade (Levene) e normalidade (Kolmogorov-Smirnov). Todos os testes foram estatisticamente significantes a 5% (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostraram que não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na rugosidade de área do esmalte entre os grupos na região experimental e os valores encontrados foram maiores na experimental quando comparados à região controle, no entanto, sem diferenças entre os grupos em cada região. Concluiu-se que os remineralizantes não foram capazes de reduzir a rugosidade da superfície dos grupos estudados.

Palavras-chave: Erosão Dentária. Esmalte dentário. Flúor. Remineralização Dentária.

Biografia do Autor

Cesar Penazzo Lepri, University of Uberaba

Departamento de Biomateriais

Área: Dentística

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Publicado
2020-06-30
Seção
Artigos